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Country : India State : Maharashtra         Nanded               
     
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Wikipedia Guide
Nanded({urdu)}: نانديذ (Marathi: नांदेड)(Punjabi: ਨੰਦੇਡ), is the second largest city in Marathwada region of Maharashtra state of India. Nanded is also district headquarter of Nanded District in Marathwada region. It is known as an important holy place for the Sikh faith. Nanded is one of the historical places in Marathwada region of Maharashtra State. It is situated on north bank of Godavari river. It is famous for Sikh Gurudwaras. Nanded is a town of great antiquity. It is said that during the Puranic days, Pandavas travelled through Nanded district. Nandas ruled over Nanded through generations. Nanded also formed part of the Mauryan Empire during the reign of emperor Ashoka the great (272 to 231 BCE). The mention of Nanded is found in the Lilacharitra, a treatise written about 700 years ago by Mhaimbhatta. It gives the description of the idol of Narasimha in the town. Nanded was formerly known as Nanditat (Marathi: नंदितट) which is confirmed by the copper plate found at Vasim....      Read more at wikipedia...
 
Title
Nanded is the second largest city in Marathwada region of Maharashtra state of India. Nanded is also district headquarter of Nanded District in Marathwada region or Aurangabad revenue division. It is well known as an important holy place for the Sikh faith.
 
Facts At A Glance
Area 10,332 sq. km
Population -1426809296
STD Code +02462
Description
The name Nanded is derived from Nanda Tal, a term that refers to the boundary of the Magadha kingdom during the 7th century BC. According to the studies from the excavations of in the nearby district of Ahmednagar, it is said that Nanded region was inhabited in the early Stone Age. The region went through several rules of ancient period including Satavahanas, Chalukyas of Badami, Rashtrakutas and Yadavas of Devgiri, medieval period like Bahamanis, the Mughals and Marathas and Nizam Shahis and modern period such as Nizams of Hyderabad and British.

In earlier times Nanded was a well-known center of Vedant studies, dramas, classical music, literature and arts and a center of Sanskrit learning. However, Nanded bears with it a rich historical, social and political background. Due to the presence of Godavari River and its adjoining Ghats and temples, it has become a pilgrimage center for Hindus.

Nanded became the part of the Hyderabad Kingdom in 1725 when the Nizam permanently opted for the Deccan and continued to be so till 1947. Nanded was on the forefront of the Hyderabad Liberation Movement, a non-violent movement led by Swami Ramanand Tirth and influenced by M. K. Gandhi. It also produced a number of revolutionary fighters who engaged the Nizam in an armed struggle. As a result of this resistance, its citizens suffered greatly under the brutal tactics of the Razakars; Nizam's infamous paramilitary force. With India getting freedom and the consequent police action against the Hyderabad State, the district forming part of the Marathwada region of the Hyderabad state became part of the bilingual Bombay State and consequent upon the creation of Maharashtra, the district continues to form part of the state of Maharashtra.
 
Location
Located in the southeastern part of the state, 650 kms from Mumbai and 270 kms from Hyderabad.
 
Best time to visit
October to February.
 
How To Get There
Nanded is mainly known as pilgrim center for Sikhs. The central bus stand and Railway Station are at the heart of city. Tourist places located around Nanded are easily approachable by State Transport buses as well as private travels starting from Kalamandir.
Air: Considering development of the city, the national airport authority has approved a plan for expansion of the airport. Aurangabad is a convenient airport from where daily flights to Mumbai (40min) are operated by various domestic airlines.
Rail: Nanded is having direct connectivity by train from Mumbai, Pune, Bangalore, Delhi, Amritsar, Bhopal, Indore, Agra, Hyderabad, Jaipur, Ajmer, Aurangabad and Nashik.
Road: It is very easy to access Nanded by bus, State Transport or private Travels is also very convenient because of large frequencies of buses. State Transport Buses are available from Mumbai, Aurangabad, Pune, and Hyderabad to Nanded; Distances from other cities: Mumbai is 650-km, Aurangabad is 265-km, and Hyderabad is 270-km.
 
Attractions
Nanded has a personality of its own due to its mythological, historical, social and cultural importance. The river Godavari flows through the city. Temples and Ghats on the banks of Godavari have made Nanded one of the holiest places for Hindus.

Takhat Sachkhand shri Hazur Abchalnagar Sahib: Takhat Sachkhand Shri Hazur Abchalnagar Sahib is the main Gurudwara situated in Nanded. It is one of the four High seats of Authority of the Sikhs. Guru Gobind Singh was the 10th and last Guru of the Sikhs who held his court and congregation here. He died in Nanded, and his ashes are buried in the Sach Khand Shri Huzur Gurudwara on the side of the river Godavari. Maharaja Ranjit Singhji, the great Ruler of Punjab between 1830 to 1839 A.D, built the Gurudwara. The Gurudwara houses the mortal remains of the 10th Guru and number of weapons of various kinds are exhibited here. Also on display are the swords of Maharaja Ranjit Singhji and other Sikh Generals.

Nanded Fort:
Located at a distance of about 4-km from the Nanded Railway Station this dilapidated fort of Nanded is surrounded by Godavari River on three sides. The fort has a good garden and water works.

Shrikshetran Mahurgad:
Mahurgad is a pilgrim center of great significance, which is located in Nanded district. Famous as the Third Shaktipeeth in Maharashtra, Muhurgad is popularly known as Mahur. About a mile and a half from the village there is the fort of Mahur, which stands with majesty of its ramparts. It is built along the ridge of two hills, which run parallel to each other, towards the south of the village, which lends a very charming view and attracts the attention of the visitors form a long distance. There are many temples in Mahur like Anusaya Temple, Kalika Temple and the most important among them is the temple of Renuka Devi. It occupies a special place in the Hindu pilgrimage

Renukadevi Temple At Mahur:
Renuka Devi temple is situated on a hillock at a distance of about 2.5-km away from the village of Mahur. It is believed that a Yadava king of Devgiri about eight or nine constructed the temple hundred years ago.

Parli Vaijnath at Parli:
Vaijnath is located about 130-km from Nanded. There are twelve Jyotirlingas, which are the most significant places of pilgrimage for Hindus. Among them five happen to be in Maharashtra and Vaijnath is one of them. Shiva has been worshipped in these places for centuries.

Hazrat Nawab Sarfaraz Khan Sahid Masjid:
The Masjid known as the Hazrat Nawab Sarfaraz Khan Sahid Masjid is said to have been constructed about 330 years back. Sarfaraz Khan was an officer in the army of Aurangzeb. The Masjid is situated in Biloli Town, which is constructed out of a stone.

Unkeshvar:
Unkeshvar is situated on the bank of river Penganga. The village is famous for its hot water springs. It is situated at a distance of 19-km from Ambadi, a railway station on Mudkhed - Adilabad railway route. At Unakdeva, there is a temple dedicated to the Lord Shiva.

Kandhar:
Kandhar Town in Nanded district is famous for its fort, which is situated in the heart of town. Its construction is attributed to the Rashtrakuta King Krishna III of Malkhed who styled himself as "Kandharpuradhi Swar". Encircling the fort is a ditch filled with water. The ruins of this majestic and historic fort are located at a distance of 50-km from the Ranthambhore National Park.

Malegaon:
Malegaon a small village in Loha Taluka is famous for a very big fair held in honour of Lord Khandoba. This big fair namely " Malegaon Yatra " is held yearly. Malegaon is situated at a distance of about 57-km from Nanded.

Hottal:
Hottal is situated in Degloor Taluka. There is a very beautiful Temple dedicated to Lord Siddheshwar, which is known for the characteristic Art of the Chalukya Era. Hottal is 8-km away from Degloor.
 
Places Around
Mudkhed: 23-km Ayudh: 64-km Parbani: 59-km Malegaon: 57-km Unkeshwar: 52-km Parli: 130-km
 
History
Nanded is one of the historical places in Marathwada region of Maharashtra State. It is situated on north bank of Godavari river. It is famous for Sikh Gurudwaras. Nanded is a town of great antiquity. It is said that during the Puranic days, Pandavas travelled through Nanded district. Nandas ruled over Nanded through generations. The mention of Nanded is found in the Lilacharitra, a treatise written about 700 years ago by Mhaimbhatta. It gives the description of the idol of Narsinha in the town. Nanded was formerly known as Nanditat which is confirmed by the copper plate found at Vasim. Nanded District and the adjoining areas were ruled over by the Andhrabhrtyas or Satvahanas during the First Century A.D. During the fourth century A.D.Kandhar was the capital of the King Sogadev and at Nanded was ruled by the king Nanddeva of the Chalukya dynasty. That the Rashtrakutas were ruling at Kandhar is established by the inscription at Krishnadev alias Khandardev found at Khandar. Another inscription at Arahapur shows that some dynasty of the Rashtrakutas was also ruling over Degloor. Hottal, a place in Nanded District was the capital of the Chalukyas, Kakatiyas followed by the Yadavas of Devgiri were the last the Hindu dynasties to have ruled of this part. During the very first invasion by the Muhammedans this territory subjugated to them and after a few years it became a part of the fief of Malik kafur, the general of Alauddin Khilji. With the advent of the Bahamanis, the southern country or the Deccan was divided into four parts or the subhas and Nanded was included in the Subha of Telangana. The famous Vazir or the Prime Minister of the Bahamanis Mahmud Gavan divided the Kingdom into subhas with Nanded forming part of Mahur Balaghat. Resided at Nanded and Kandhar for many days and the Vazirabad part of Nanded town was established by him.
 
Getting Around
One can conveniently go to any part of the city by shared Auto Rickshaws (3 wheelers) and also by City Buses.
 
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