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Country : India State : Tamil Nadu         Trichy               
     
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Title
Tiruchi is a thriving commercial centre in Tamil nadu, situated on the banks of the river Cauvery. The rock fort is a well known landmark of the city. It is also famous for artificial diamonds, cigars, handloom cloth, glass bangles and wooden and clay toys. (Trichy, Tiruchy, Thiruchi, Tiruchirapalli)
 
Facts At A Glance
Main Languages Tamil and English
Description
Trichy was a citadel of the early Cholas which later fell to the Pallavas. Trichy is a fine blend of tradition and modernity built around the Rock Fort. Apart from the Fort, there are several Churches, Colleges and Missions dating back to the 1760s. The town and its fort, now in Trichy were built by the Nayaks of Madurai. This city has given great Tamil scholars whose contributions to the Tamil literature have been very significant.
The most famous land mark of this bustling town is the Rockfort Temple, a spectacular monument perched on a massive rocky out crop which rises abruptly from the plain to tower over the old city. It was one of the main centers around which the wars of the Carnatic were fought in the 18th century during the British-French struggle for supremacy in India. The city is a thriving commercial centre in Tamil Nadu and is famous for artificial diamonds, cigars, handloom cloth, glass bangles and wooden and clay toys.
 
Location
Tiruchirappalli, situated on the banks of the river Cauvery is the fourth largest city in Tamil Nadu.
 
Best time to visit
Throughout the Year.
 
How To Get There
By Air
Trichy has an airport (5 kms from the city). Indian Airlines connects Trichy with Chennai, Sharjah, Kuwait and Colombo. Air Lanka Service connects Tiruchirapalli with Colombo.

Indian Airlines-Railway Co-operative Mansion, Dindigul Road, Trichy - 620 001. Phone: Office-23116, Airport-27563 Air Lanka-C/o Hotel Lakshmi, Trichy.

By Train
Trichy is an important junction on the Southern Railway. It connects Chennai, Thanjavur, Chidambaram, Madurai, Tirupathi, Tuticorin, Tenkasi, Quilon and Rameswaram on the metre gauge and Bangalore, Coimbatore, Mysore, Kochi, Kanyakumari and Mangalore.

By Road
Trichy is well connected by road with important places and Southern Cities.

Local Transport : City Bus service to all places of tourist interest from Central Bus Stand and from Chinthamani - Mani Guard Gate Bus Stand. Tourist Taxis, Auto Rickshaws and Cycle Rickshaws are also available.
 
Attractions
Rock Fort
The 83m high Rock Fort is the only outcrop in the otherwise flat land of the city. The rock is one of the oldest in the world-approximately 3.800 million years, which makes it as old as the rocks of Greenland and older than the Himalayas. The sheer abruptness of its rise is a thrill in itself, but the actual centre of attraction is not the fort itself, of which very little remains, but the temple at the summit. 344 steps hewn out of rock lead to the top where there are inscriptions dating back to the 3rd century.B.C. Hardly anything remains of the ramparts but the Main Guard Gate is still intact. The fort played an important part during the Carnatic wars and according to an inscription, mainly contributed to lay the foundations of the British Empire in India.

Srirangam
The district's most important pilgrim centre is located in an island just 7 kms from Tiruchi. Srirangam, surrounded by the waters of river Cauveri on one side and its tributary kollidam on the other, is a 600 acre island-town enclosed within the seven walls of the gigantic Sriranganathaswami Temple.Most of it dates from the 14th to 17th centuries, and many people have had a hand in its construction, including the Cheras, Pandyas, Cholas, Hoysalas and rulers from Vijayanagar. The largest gopuram in the first wall on the southern side was completed as recently as 1987, and now measures 73m.

Thiruvanaikkaval
This is one of the most revered temples to Shiva; it is one of the Panchabhoota Stalams signifying the 5 elements of wind (Kalahasti), water (Tiruvanaikka), fire (Tiruvannamalai), earth (Kanchipuram) and space (Chidambaram). The primordial element water, is represented by an undying natural spring in the sanctum.
There is said to have been a forest of Jambu trees near the Chandrateertha tank (filled with the water of the Kaveri) here and Shiva is said to have appeared under one of the trees as a Shiva Lingam. Legend has it that two devotees of Shiva were born under the influence of a curse as a white elephant and a spider. The elephant worshipped Shiva with flowers and water brought in its trunk (hence the name Tiru Aanaikka).

Samayapuram
Samayapuram Mariamman Temple is situated on Tiruchirappalli Chennai NH 45, just 20 kms north of Tiruchirappalli town.The Maariamman Temple here, is one of the well visited shrines in Tamilnadu, dedicated to Maariamman, a manifestation of the primeval energy Shakti as the mother Goddess all sundays, tuesdays and fridays hundreds of devotees throng the temple and perform Poojas. The offerings are in various forms.The most common offering is the Mavilakku Mavu made of jagery, riceflour,dhal and ghee. Mariamman is a form of Shakti worshipped in Tamilnadu, and is associated with prosperity and health. Local beliefs associate this deity with cures for diseases such as small pox and chicken pox.

St. John's Church
This Chruch was built in 1821. It is completed with louvered doors and the usual array of florid plaques to the faithfully departed , most of whom seem to have fallen victim to Cholera ,Malaria (or) Enemy bullets.

St. Lourd's Church
The Church of Our Lady of Lourd, a hundred years old, is built within the St.Joseph?s College complex, in gothic architectural style (it is said that a maistry from Tirunelveli, one Savarimuthu, was given intensive training in such construction by the missionaries so that he could supervise the building), the Church?s 200 ft tall spire is visible from a radius of 8 kms around it. The Church has not been a repainted outside as the administrators wish to preserve its antiquity. The stained glass panels depicting stories from the Bible are truly beautiful. Some 6000 people attend mass at the church on Sundays. The Church, our Lady of Lourd is 100 years old.

Natharvalli Dargah
Baba Natharvali has occupied a unique position in the ranks of the Islamic saints of the world. He was named as Muthaharudeen at first. He was in Hijiri 347 in one of the idle Eastern countries. Even though he was the sultan, he was having no attachment to pleasures of royal life of pomp and splendor right from his early age. He descended from his throne crowing his brother, Syed Jalaudeen and undertook holy pilgrimage for propagation of Allah's glory according to Islamic tenets.

Museum
It is located in Rani Mangammal Mahal near Super bazaar ,Trichy. The museum will be open on all days except Fridays .Time 10.00 Hrs to 17 Hrs. Entrance fee for Indians Adult Rs.5 Children Rs. 3 Students Rs.2 Foreigners Rs.100.1 There are so many sculpures like Mahavirar, Buddha, Vishnu etc. It has fossil, pre history megalithic, Paleolithic and Neolithic tools, Earthern moulds for metals, ;Inscriptions and palm leaf manuscripts, insects, reptiles, birds, mammals. Ancient sculptures like thirumal crawling krishna, thirumal with consorts, devi, durga, saint manickavasagar, Nataraja and chandra sekar are here. Tribal model of pachamalai hills, Thanjavur painting , Coins of India etc are also here.

Sittanavasal
Located at a distance of 58-km from Trichy is Sittanavasal, a site of an ancient Jain monastery with fine fresco paintings in a rock cave. Many of them are typical of the 9th century Pandyan period and include exquisitely detailed pictures of animals, fish, ducks, people gathering lotuses from a pond and two dancing figures. There are also inscriptions dating back to the 9th and 10th centuries. Fresco paintings from the 7th century can be seen on the ceiling of the Ardhamandapam.

Narthamalai
Narthamalai has some of the oldest structural stone temples, built by the Mutharaiyars. This temple has six large, skillfully carved statues of Lord Vishnu in the central hall. A 9th century Pallava cave temple dedicated to Lord Shiva lies to the south, and in front of this is the Vijayalaya Choliswaran temple. Vijayalaya was the first of the later Cholas and as such, this Shiva temple is one of the earliest Chola creations. However, glimpse of artistic greatness that was still to come can be seen in the beautiful figures of the dancers in front of the vimana, the elegantly carved dwara-palakas and the figures of other Gods.

Puilancholai
On the foot hills of kollimalai ,a place of scenic beauty is the puliyancholai ,72 kms away from Tiruchirappalli via Thuraiyur filled with full of greenish tree sand tamarind groves .this forest region is cool and green with added attraction of the stream.the stream is the natural bathing area for the tourists throughout the year .there is a water falls in the higher hills which is called Akaya Gangai,besides ,the water here has medicinal value .the 18 th day of the tamil month Addi is the time for worshipping the river here and more people visit Puliyancholai that day .accommodation is available here.

Pachamalai Hill Station
Pachamalai is a green hill range, just 80 kms north of Tiruchiraplli via Thuraiyur. Pachai means Green and malai means mountain. Pachamalai which spread with a few range is a haven of the tribal of this region ,with unique culture and way of life. It's altitude is 500 m to 1000 meters above msl. This mountain range in itself has different small regions like Thenparanadu, kombainadu , Athi Nadu and Vannadu. It's good hill range for trekking to enjoy nature and the animal life small streams and falls add colour to these hills .

Manora:
The eight-storeyed victory tower here was built by the Maratha King Serfoji in the year 1814 to commemorate the victory of the British over Napoleon Bonaparte at Waterloo. The name 'Mannora' is derived from the word minaret meaning small minar. From this 30 metre high tower one can have a panoramic view of the palm fringed Bay of Bengal. This tower also served as a light house.

Gangaikonda cholapuram:
The Brahadeeswarar temple at Gangaikondacholapuram was conceived and constructed by the Chola King Rajendra - I after his victory over the kingdoms bordering the river Ganga. Apart from the huge Nandi, there are some beautiful sculptures including a dancing Ganesha, a lion-headed well and a stunning figure of King Rajendra being crowned by Siva and Parvati.

Kallanai:
Not far from the island is one of the greatest engineering marvels of India. The Grand Anaicut built by Karikalan Chola in the 2nd century A.D. to harness the waters of the Kaveri. Made of stone, the dam is 329 m long and 20m wide and still very much in use. Additions have been made in the form of a road bridge on top of the dam. This is a good picnic spot.

Mukkombu:
Mukkombu is a beautiful excursion centre, just 18 kms from Tiruchirappalli on the river banks of Cauvery and Kollidam. This place is called upper dam. It is an attraction for the tourists and also for the people of all ages by its park, greenish garden scince park,toy train,merry go round, fishing facility, and boating facility.

Kolli Hills:
This hill station in Namakkal district at an altitude of 1190 mts, is an unexploited pleasure. Sri Arappaleeswarar Temple on top of the hills called Chathuragiri is one of the oldest. The terrace type serpentine ghat road, the fruits culitvated here, honey and the unchanged tribal cultures are unique memories. The wonderful Agasangangai Waterfall flowing from a height of over 200 feet is a unique scene. Valvil Ori Festival and Tourism Festival are celebrated during August every year.

Ponnaniyaru Dam:
Ponnaniyaru dam is situated south of Tiruchirappalli. It is 24 kms from Manapparai and 9 kms from Vaiyampatti. Ponnaniyaru dam is built across perumal malai and Chemmalai . This dam site is an ideal place for excursion.

Kudumiyanmalai
The Siva temple here has some interesting inscriptions as well as beautiful sculptures. One of the inscriptions deals with the musical treatise of Mahendravarman Pallava and his experimentation with an eight-stringed instrument called Parivadini.
 
History
Woraiyur , a part of present day Tiruchirappalli, was the capital city of Cholas from 300 B.C. onwards. This is supported by archaeological evidences and ancient literatures. There are also literary sources which tell that Woraiyur continued to be under the control of Cholas even during the days of Kalabhra interregnum (A.D. 300 - 575).
Later, Woraiyur along with the present day Tiruchirappalli and its neighbouring areas came under the control of Mahendra Varma Pallava I, who ascended the throne in A.D. 590. Till A.D. 880, according to the inscriptions, this region was under the hegemony of either the Pallvas or the Pandyas. It was in 880 AD, Aditya Chola brought a downfall to the Pallava dynasty. From that time onwards Tiruchirappalli and its region became a part of Greater Cholas. In 1225 A.D the area was occupied by the Hoysulas. Afterwards, it came under the rule of later Pandyas till the advent of Mughal Rule.

Tiruchirappalli was for some time under the Mughal rule, which was put to an end by the Vijayanagar rulers. The Nayaks, the Governors of Vijayanagar empire, ruled this area till A.D. 1736. It was Viswanatha Nayaka who built the present day Teppakulam and the Fort. The Nayak dynasty came to an end during the days of Meenakshi.

The Muslims ruled this region again with the aid of either the French or the English armies. For some years, Tiruchirappalli was under the rule of Chanda Sahib and Mohamed Ali. Finally the English brought Tiruchirappalli and other areas under their control. The district was then under the hegemony of British for about 150 years till the independence of India.

Situated on the banks of river Kaveri, Tiruchirappalli, the fourth largest city in the state was a citadel of the Early Cholas which later fell to the Pallavas. But the Pallavas never really managed to retain control of this strategic city and lost it to the Pandyas several times. This tug of war finally ended when the Cholas reasserted themselves in the 10th century. Trichy continued to be in their possession until the decline of the empire after which it became a Vijayanagara stronghold.
When this empire collapsed in 1565, Trichy came to be occupied in turn by the Nayaks of Madurai, the Marathas, the Nawabs of Carnatic, the French and finally the British. But it was under the Nayaks of Madurai that Trichy flourished and prospered in its own right and grew to be the city that it is today. Trichy flourished and prospered in its own ,built around the Rock Fort. Apart from the fort there are several churches, colleges and missions dating back to the 1760s. With its excellent infrastructural facilities Trichy will serve as a good base to see central Tamilnadu.

It was one of the main centers around which the wars of the Carnatic were fought in the 18th century during the British-French struggle for supremacy in India.

Monuments aside, the city offers a good range of hotels and an excellent local bus system which does not demand the
strength of an Ox and the skin of an Elephant to use.
 
Festivals
Samayapuram Mariamman Festival
Every year three important festivals namely Poochoriyal, Pancha Prakaram and Brahmotsavam attract pilgrims to this temple. During Poochoriyal, flowers worth Rs.35, 000 to 50,000 are showered on the deity for 24 hours. Thousands of people from various castes and communities throng the temple, when Brahmotsavam is performed in the month of April. Devotees from Malaysia, Singapore, Srilanka and other far-off place visits Samayapuram to fulfill their vows for the many benefits they received through her grace. Those who are unable to personally present their offerings, send it by post. Several worship services are offered throughout the day here. Offerings of salt, jaggery (brown sugar), lentils, jewelry are made by devotees. Annual festivals are celebrated during Thai Poosam, and in the tamil months of Pankuni and Chittirai. The last Sunday of Pankuni marks the commencement of the festival, while the chariot festival is celebrated on the first Tuesday in the month of Chittirai, and the float festival is celebrated a week later.

Jallikattu
In Suriyur, Manama and a few villages around Tiruchy, during the Pongal festival, Bull catching (Jallikattu) is taking place on mostly Kanum Pongal days. SILLAMBATAM in ancient days is being used for defense and for good physic. In this district Chola vadiyar is familiar for this art. Almost every village is having training centers for this martial art. One grandmaster named Chola vadiyar at Tiruchirappalli, is giving good training in this martial art (photo)

Allur Jallathiru Vizha
In Puratasi Ammavasai, the woman of folk give the money and ask the potter to make new cow and calf for the pooja and collect them next month(same new moon day). Totally 9 days they will conduct pooja with chanting of religion songs for the cow and calf. 10 th day they will have Kollatam dance and will have procession with cow and calf at Allur on the banks of the river Cauvery submerging the same in the river. They will offer sweet Pongal and distribute to one and all the same type at Jallatharai, place at Madurai, Tirunelveli, Chinnamanur
 
Shopping
Shop Name Address
Khadi Kraft Opposite to Railway Station, Junction Road
Poompuhar Sales Emporium Near Main Guard Gate
Ramjee and Co., 2, Andal Street, Near Fort
Saraswathi Stores Alimal Street
Kannan & Co., Big Street
Sri Renga Living Art 36, Thiruvadi Street, Opp.Police Quarters, Srirangam- 620 006. Phone No.2435969
Heritage Arts Emporium Hotel Famina Complex, Tiruchirappalli-1. Phone No.2414690
Srirangam Stores Renga Vilas Mandapam, Srirangam, Tiruchirappalli - 620 006.
Phone No.2435509 / 2431257
Sri Lakshmi Carving 178, Madurai Road, Tiruchirappalli - 620 008. Phone No.2709829
Heritage Arts Emporium Near Kaveri River, Cotton embroidery & Cotton Carpetts)
Srirangam, Tiruchirappalli - 620 006. Phone No.2432299 / 2432113
 
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