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Country : India State : Rajasthan         Udaipur               
     
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Wikipedia Guide
Udaipur pronunciation (help·info) (उदयपुर), also known as the City of Lakes, is a city, a Municipal Council and the administrative headquarters of the Udaipur district in the state of Rajasthan in western India. It is the historic capital of the former kingdom of Mewar in Rajputana Agency. Lake Pichola, Fateh Sagar Lake, Jaisamand, Udai Sagar and Swaroop Sagar in this city are considered some of the most beautiful lakes in the state. Apart from its glorious history, culture and scenic location, it is also known for its Rajput-era palaces. The Lake Palace, for instance, covers an entire island in the Pichola Lake. Many of the palaces have been converted into luxury hotels. It is often called the "Venice of the East" and is also nicknamed the "Lake City". Udaipur is located at 24°35′N 73°41′E / 24.58°N 73.68°E / 24.58; 73.68. It has an average elevation of 598.00 metres. The climate of Udaipur is tropical, with the mercury staying between a maximum of 42.3°C and a minimum of 28.8°C...      Read more at wikipedia...
 
Facts At A Glance
Main Languages Rajasthani, English, Hindi
Population 3.00 lakhs
Airport Code UDR
Description
Udaipur, the city of the Suryavansi Rajputs, hidden amongst the hills that encompass the great Pichola Lake -- has been called the 'Venice of the East'. Indeed with it's enchanting palaces surrounded by mirror-like lakes, undulating hills and colourful bazaars, Udaipur looks as though it has been lifted straight from the pages of an Arabian Night's fairy tale book. The hills, the lakes and the altitude give Udaipur an extremely agreeable climate. Probably no other city in Rajasthan is quite as romantic as Udaipur. A visit to Udaipur is a must for travellers who want to experience the unique and vibrant history of Rajasthan.

Rajasthan is a land where dynasties of chivalrous and proud Rajputs had ruled for centuries. Rajasthan is also where the oldest known ruling dynasty in the world spanning 76 generations has reigned: the Mewar Dynasty. The founding father of the Mewar Dynasty, Bapa Rawal, came from Vallabhipur, now in Gujrat.

The rulers of Mewar, the Sisodiya kings did little to assimilate themselves into Mughal India. Unlike other rajput princes to the north, the Kings of Mewar never willingly submitted to Mughal authority even though they had been vanquished by Akbar and forced to move from Chittor to Udaipur.

Udaipur, the capital of Mewar, was founded by Maharana Udai Singh after the fall and final sacking of Chittorgarh by the Mughal forces of Emperor Akbar in 1568. Legend has it that Udai Singh found the site of his new city some years before the final assault on Chittor and had formed an artificial lake named Udai Sagar in honour of himself. He later came upon a pond said to have been constructed by a banjara (gypsy) who raised a dyke across a mountain stream, damming up its waters. Udai Singh extended this pond and raised the height of the dam, creating the most beautiful of man-made lakes, named Pichola after the neighbouring village of Picholi. With the blessings of a holy sage of the region, he built his palace upon an overlooking ridge, on the banks of this lake. To this day, in a shrine in the heart of the City Palace, a flame burns in gratitude to the ascetic.

Generations of Maharanas who succeeded Udai Singh, embellished the city with more palaces and temples. Today Udaipur is a city of palaces encircling three lakes, Lake Pichola, Fateh Sagar and Swaroop Sagar.
 
Best time to visit
The lakes surrounding Udaipur regulates the climate which is pleasant than any other city in Rajasthan. The summers are hot and winters are cold but the temperature does not rise to extremes. The rainfall is less, around 61 cm annually.
 
How To Get There
Air: Indian Airlines connects Udaipur with Jodhpur, Jaipur, Aurangabad, Mumbai and Delhi.
Rail: Udaipur is directly linked by rail with Delhi, Jaipur, Ajmer, Chittaurgarh, Jodhpur and Ahmedabad.
Road: Udaipur is well connected by road with Agra (630 km), Ahmedabad (262 km), Ajmer (264 km), Jaipur (406 km).
 
Attractions
City Palace
This spectacular place stands white and majestic set on a hill. It is surrounded by walls for battlements at the entrance is a triple arched gate, called the Tripolia which was built in 1725. Another monuments which has its own charm is the Suraj Gokhada (the balcony of the sun) Here the Maharanas of Meware came before the people during troubled times to restore confidence in them. The blue and white ceramics of Chini Chitrashala are extremely fascinating.
Jagdish Temple
The prominently situated temple dedicated to Lord vishnu and Lord Jagannath was built by Maharaja Jagat Singh I in 1651 A.D. This splendid temple serves as a remarkable landmark.
Bharatiya Lok Kala Museum
This Indian Folk arts museum houses fantastic collection of folk dresses, ornaments, puppets, masks, dolls musical instruments and painting.
Saheliyon-ki-Bari
This garden which means 'Garden of Maidens' is a symbol of the fascinating lifestyle of the royal ladies, who once strolled through these gardens. Housing a number of fountains in the four pools, ornated with delicately carved kiosks and elephants, this garden offers a mesmerizing view.
Fateh Sagar
With hill on three sides and the Pratap Memorial on the north. This lake enthralls the visitors by the boat rides to Nehru Park an island garden. This lake was built by Maharana Fateh Singh.
Pichhola Lake
The lake is surrounded by hill palaces, temples, bathing ghats and embankments. This legendary lake had enchanted Maharana Udai Singh.
Ahar
This place which now remains in ruins, displays fantastic pieces of architecture. The remains hold the royal cenotaphs of the Maharanas of Mewar. A small government museum displays a collection of antiques as well as earthern pots and some iron objects.
Sajjan Garh
This palace marks its prominence in the skyline from most part of the city. It is a monsoon palace which displays a beautiful view of the lakes, palaces and countryside.
Gulab Bagh
This garden affords some fantastic panoramic beauty and also houses a library with a rich collection of old handwritten scripts and books.
 
History
In the harsh terrain of the hills and ravines of Aravallis, flourishes the city of lakes, Udaipur. One of the most romantic places in India, Udaipur is situated around the shimmering clear blue water lakes which whisper the mood of a bygone era.

The city was founded in 1567 by Maharana Udai Singh on the advice of a sage. Udaipur was last of the numerous Mewar capitals. It was in Udaipur that legendary Maharana Pratap was born. He was obsessed with Chittaur and the past glories of the Sisodia clan possessed his mind. Maharana Pratap left Udaipur to win back Chittaur from the Mughals. But he failed in his attempts and Udaipur remained the capital of Mewar till India got independence.The memory of the failure of noble Pratap gives Udaipur its pervading mood of nostalgic wistfulness.
 
Tourist Information Centers
Tourist Office - Tourist information Bureau (Govt. of Rajasthan) Kajri Tourist Bunglow, Udaipur, Rajasthan. Tel. - +(91)--0294--29535
 
Festivals
Shilpgarm Festival - The 10 day festival is treat for a visitor to an array of exquisite art and craft. Shilpgram hosts the festival.

Mewar festival - The onset of spring brings the Mewar festival. During the festival the tradition and culture of Rajasthan dominates every other thing in ones mind.
 
Excursions
Eklingji : 22Kms from the city is a temple complex of 108 temples enclosed by high walls. Built in 734 AD, the temples are dedicated to the royal deity Ekling ji. The complex has been chiselled out of sandstone and marble. It has an ornate 'mandap' or pillared hall, the canopy of a huge pyramidical roof composed of hundreds of knots.

Nagda : This ancient place in Mewar is famous for their intricate carvings of the graceful apsaras. 23 Kms from the city.

Haldighati : This place, 40 Kms from Udaipur, has immense historical importance. It was at Haldighati in 1576 AD that armies of Maharana Pratap and Mughal Emperor Akbar clashed. A chhatri with delicate white marble columns is dedicated to the indomitable hero and his loyal charger.

Nathdwara : This temple is one the most celebrated Vaishnava shrines of Lord Krishna or Nathji. Thousands of pilgrims visit this shrine during the festivals. Foreigners are not allowed in the temple and photography is prohibited. It is located 48 Kms from Udaipur.
Kankroli : Known as Dwarkadhish, this temple is an important Vaishnava temple and ranks very high among the temples of the Vallabhacharya. 65kms from the city.

Kumbhal Garh Fort: Kumbhalgarh Fort was built by Maharana Kumbha in the 15th century. Perched on the Aravalis, this is the second most important fort in Rajasthan after the Chittaurgarh fort. Nearby is the Kumbhal Garh Wildlife Sanctuary.

Jaisamand lake : 48 Kms from the city, this artificial lake was built in 17th century by Maharana Jai Singh. The marble Chhatris along the embankment add grace to this second largest lake in Asia. On either sides of the lake were built the palaces for the favourite queens of the King. People of the Bhil tribe still inhabit the islands in Jaisamand lake.

Ranakpur (98 Kms) : Famous for the beautiful Jain temples.

Jagat (58 Kms) : The tenth century Ambika Mata temple is well preserved in all its splendour.
Rajsamand lake (66 Kms) : This is dam built by Maharana Rai Singh in 1660.

Rishabhdeoji (65 Kms) : Popularly known as Kesriyaji because of the large saffron offerings, this temple is dedicated to the Jain Tirthankara Rishabhdeoji.
 
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