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Country : India State : Madhya Pradesh         Ujjain               
     
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Wikipedia Guide
Ujjain (Hindi: उज्जैन) pronunciation (help·info) (also known as Ujain, Ujjayini, Avanti, Avantikapuri), is an ancient city of Malwa region in central India, on the eastern bank of the Kshipra River Hindi: क्षिप्रा (today part of the state of Madhya Pradesh). It is the administrative centre of Ujjain District and Ujjain Division. In ancient times the city was called Ujjayini. As mentioned in the Mahabharata epic, Ujjayini was the capital of the Avanti Kingdom, and has been the Prime Meridian for Hindu geographers since the 4th century BCE. Ujjain is one of the seven sacred cities of the Hindus, and the Kumbh Mela religious festival is held there every 12 years. It is also home to Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga, one of the twelve Jyotirlinga shrines to the god Shiva and is also the place where Lord Krishna got education with Balarama and Sudama from Maharshi Sandipani. The earliest references to the city, as Ujjaini, are from the time of the Buddha, when it was the capital of the Avanti...      Read more at wikipedia...
 
Facts At A Glance
Main Languages Hindi, English, and local dialects.
Population 4.33 lakhs
STD Code 0734
Description
Situated on the banks of the river Shipra, regarded since times immemorial as sacred. Ujjain, stands glamorously among many other Indian sacred and holy cities. The early history of Ujjain is lost in the midst of antiquity. According to ancient Hindu scriptures it was originally called Avantika. later King Shiva of Avanti commemorating his triumph over the demon king of Tripuri, changed it to Ujjainyini (one who conquers with pride). Today, Ujjain represents an interesting blend of an age old legacy and the modern day lifestyle.
 
Location
Situated at a distance of 56 km from Indore, the ancient town of Ujjain is one of the holiest cities for Hindus. It is situated on the bank of the sacred river Shipra in the central Indian state of Madhya Pradesh.
Altitude : 492 mts
 
Best time to visit
Due to its location, the climate of the city is tropical in nature'very hot in summers and cold in winters. Monsoon brings humidity into the atmosphere during the month of July and August. Visitors are advised to take along light cotton clothes during summer and a comfortable number of woolens for their winter trip to Ujjain
Climate (deg C): Summer- Max. 40, Min. 20; Winter- Max. 28, Min. 10.
Rainfall : 101 cms (July to September).
Best Season : September to March.
Best Time to Visit
October to March
 
How To Get There
By Air
The nearest airport is at Indore, 55 km away, is connected by air to Bhopal, Bombay, Delhi and Gwalior.
By Rail
Ujjain is an important railway station on the Western Railway network and connected with most of the major cities in India.
By Road
Good motorable roads connect Ujjain with Ahmedabad (402 km), Bhopal (183 km), Bombay (655 km), Delhi (774 km), Gwalior (451 km), Indore (53 km), Khajuraho (570 km), Mandu (158 km)
 
Attractions
Mahakaleshwara : This temple of Lord Shiva with its lingam is one of the 12 Jyotirlingas in India. It is also known as the shrine of Mahakaleshwara. The temple has an idol of Omkareshwara Shiva consecrated in the sanctum above the Mahakal Shrine. The temple also mages of Ganesh, Parvati, Kartikeya and Shiva's Bull, Nandi.


Bade Ganeshji Ka Mandir : There is a sculpted image of Lord Ganesh, ion this temple, close to the tank near Mahakaleshwar

Chintamani Ganesh : A temple of considerable antiquity and a popular place of pilgrimage, the idol here is believed to be self formed.

Bhartrihari Caves : According to legend, the caves on the banks of the river Shipra near Gadkalika Temple are where the great scholar-poet Bhartrihari lived and meditated.
Harsiddhi Temple : Another Important shrine with the image of Goddess Annapurna.
Kal Bhairava : The specialty of this temple is its intricate paintings in the Malwa style.
Observatory : The stars and the skies seemed fascinating in the 17th century too. That would perhaps explain the number of observatories that we have in India. Even this 17th century observatory has a planetarium and a telescope.
Vikram Kirti Mandir : This Mandir has the Scindia Oriental Research Institute, an archaeological museum and an art gallery. Actually, a cultural centre, it is dedicated to the memory of King Vikramaditya - the much honoured King of Ujjain.


Gopal Mandir : A sanctum inlaid with marble and silver plated doors constitute the main attraction of this temple.

Navagraha Mandir : The ruling planets have always had an important place in the Indian rituals and tradition. This temple is dedicated to the nine ruling planets (Navagraha means nine planets) It is located on the Triveni Ghat of the Shipra river
 
History
According to Hindu scriptures, it was originally called Avantika. There is an interesting tale behind the sanctity of the city. It's origin is ascribed to the mythological legend of Sagar Manthan (churning of the primordial ocean to discover the pot of nectar). The story goes that after the nectar was discovered, there was a chase between the gods and the demons to have the nectar first and thus attain immortality. During this chase a drop of nectar spilled and fell on Ujjain , thus making the city sacred.
Apart from mythological legends, the city has a long distinguished history. It was governed by the likes of Vikramaditya and Ashoka. Kalidas wrote his soul stirring poetry here. Today, Ujjain represents an interesting blend of an age old legacy and the modern day lifestyle.
Hindu astronomy, astrology and geography have Ujjain as the base for calculations which is the "Greenwich" of Hindu astronomers and astrologers.
 
Getting Around
Many of sites in Ujjain are a long way away from the center of town. Therefore, it would be advisable to opt for the easily available auto rickshaws or the more romantic but slower tongas.
 
Tourist Information Centers
1. Shipra Hotel (MPSTDC), University Road, Tel: 25448, 25237.
2. Madhya Pradesh State Tourism Development Corporation Limited, 4th Floor, Gangotri, T.T. Nagar, Bhopal- 462 003. Tel: 554340-3.
 
Festivals
Mahashivratri : Having one of the 12 Jyotirlingas in India, obviously, Mahashivratri is a big event here. Thousand of pilgrims flock to the fair grounds near the famous Mahakaleshwar temple and fast and worship throughout the night.

Simhastha Kumbh Mela : It is a mammoth fair, held once in twelve years at Simhastha. The magnificence and awesome spectacle of the bathing ritual defies description.
 
Excursions
Agar (66 kms) : An ancient archaeological site.
Maksi (39 kms) : Famous for Jain Temples.
Nagada (60 kms) : An industrial town with ancient temples.
Mandu is 152 km from the town. Here, one can visit Taj-ul-Masjid, Shaukat Mahal, Rupmati's Pavilion, and Hindola Mahal, which tell the tales of the kings and queens of the region.
Dewas, 36 km from the town, has a famous Devi Chamunda temple situated on a hilltop. Agar is an archeological site situated 66 km away from Ujjain that must not be missed.
At a distance of 21 km from Ujjain is Ratlam, a town famous for its cactus garden. The garden has over 1,205 species of cacti, one of the largest collections of the plant in Asia.
 
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