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Country : India State : Maharashtra         Wardha               
     
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Wikipedia Guide
Wardha is a city and a municipal council in Wardha district in the Indian state of Maharashtra. Wardha gets its name from the Wardha River which flows at the North, West and South boundaries of district. Founded in 1866, the town is now an important centre for the cotton trade. It is the administrative center of Wardha District Wardha is located at 20°45′N 78°36′E / 20.75°N 78.60°E / 20.75; 78.60. It has an average elevation of 234 metres (767 feet). As of 2001 India census, Wardha had a population of 111,070. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Wardha has an average literacy rate of 80%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 83%, and female literacy is 76%. In Wardha, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age. It was included in the empire of the Mauryas, Sungas, Satavahanas and Vakatakas Vakataka. Pravarpur, modern Pavnar was once the capital of the Vakataka dynasty. Vakatakas were contemporary of Imperial Guptas. The daughter of...      Read more at wikipedia...
 
Title
This is an convenient base for visiting two modern pilgrimage Centers-Gandhiji's Ashram at Sevagram, 8 kms. and Vinoba Bhave's Paunar Ashram, 13 kms. Sevagram is the epitome of Gandhiji's teachings of simplicity and truth. There's also the Gandhi Gyan Mandir, Manganwadi and Bajajwadi.
 
Facts At A Glance
Area 6,310 sq. km
Population 123.67 crores
STD Code 07152
Description
Wardha district is located in the north-eastern part of Maharashtra state bounded on the west and north by Amravati district, on the south by Yavatmal district, on the south-east by Chandrapur district and on the east by Nagpur district. The boundaries with the Amravati and Yeotmal districts are identified by the river Wardha. The district was a part of Nagpur district till 1962; subsequently it was given a separate status of a district. The total area covered by the district is 6310 sq. km, which is about 2 % of the area of the whole state.
 
Location
Wardha District is located in Maharashtra state of India. It contains the city of Wardha.
 
How To Get There
Air: Nearest airport is at Nagpur (74 kms). Nagpur airport is linked to Mumbai.

Rail: Wardha is an important railway station in Maharashtra. Chandrapur (174 kms) is another station nearby. There are regular trains from Mumbai, Pune and Nagpur to Wardha.

Road: State highways and roads from the district headquarters at Wardha link all 8 tehsils (sub-districts) and major towns. National highway No 7 passes through the district. Pune is 686 kms and Mumbai is 817 kms away from Wardha.
 
Attractions
Geetai Mandir
This is the mandir where Vinoba's Gitai became perpetual. Vinoba Bhave translated the Bagwat Gita in the book Gitai. For this purpose number of polished stones are brought from different places and arranged vertically in shape of cow and 18 ?Shlokas' (sections) of the Gita are engraved on it. This temple is unlike to the general temple. It has no ceiling, no walls. Beside the mandir, permanent exhibition is arranged in Shanti Kuti in memory of Mahatma Gandhi and Jamnalal Bajaj.

Vishwa Shanti Stupa
In 1935, Fuji Guruji from Japan came to Wardha and met Mahatma Gandhi. He put the wish to setup the Stups (Prayer place for of Budha Community) in India. Gandhi agreed his desire and then after Stanti Stups were built at eight different places in India. One of that Vishwa Shanti Stup is found in Wardha. This Stup is constructed with the help of Japan in 1995. On the Stup the architecture is available describing the history of Lord Goutam Budha.

Laxmi Narayan Temple
This is a temple of God-goddesses Lord Vishnu and Laxmi. It is big temple built in the 1905. Inner side of the temple is constructed with marble. Late Jamnalal have opened the temple in 19th July 1928 for ?Harijans' (lower caste peoples). Near the temple a medical shop is opened free for poor people. Various books of Sansrit, Prakrit, and Ved, Upnishades, Bhagwat in Hindi languages are available in the temples library. A guest house of the truest is there near the Railway Station.

Pavnar
Paunar (Pravarpur) was the capital of Vakataka dynasty during the reign of King Pravarsena. The remains of the medieval fortification clearly shows the evidences of Vakataka art. The sculptures at Parandham Ashram belong to various period dating from Vakatakas to Kakatiyas dynasty i.e. 250 AD to 1200 AD. The sculptures of Ganga (Bhagirathi), Bharat-Bhet (Meeting of Rama and Bharat) and other numerous scupltures depicting the scense of Ramayana and Mahabharatas can be seen at Ashram. On left side of Wardha-Nagpur road, just at the end of Old bridge, there is a temple of Lord Vishnu. The iconographic representation of Lord Vishnu and Brahma is really a miracle. There is an another temple of Lord Hanuman (Monkey God) on the way to the Ashram. During the medieval period, it is a flourishing trade centre of Central India, commanded the trade with China.

Sewagram
Mahatma Gandhi came Wardha in the year 1934. On the request by late Jamnalalji Bajaj, he selected the Segaon village for his Ashram or Kuti. Later this village renamed as Sewagram. Mahatma Gandhi continued his freedom movement from this ashram. Various articles, needy things used by Gandhi are kept here as it is.

Kelzer
There is a Varad Vinayak's (Lord Ganesh ) temple at Kelzer which is also known as one of the Ganesh temple from Ashtavinayaka in Vidarbha region. The Sculpture of Lord Ganesha is found in the past period of Arya. In the northern side of the temple there is a stepped well, though popularly believed that it was constructed by Bhima, a hero of Mahabharata, was constructed during the period of Vakataka dynasty. (250 AD to 500 AD).
 
History
The History of Wardha dates back to prehistoric period. It has a unique place in the Indian Natural History, since the Ostrich egg-shell has been found at Sindi (Railway) in Wardha district. It was included in the empire of Mauryas, Sungas, Satvahanas and Vakatakas[1] Pravarpur, modern Pavnar was once the capital of the Vakataka dynasty. Vakatakas were contemporary of Imperial Guptas. The daughter of Chandragupta II (Vikramaditya) was married with Vakataka ruler Rudrasena. The period of Vakatakas was 2nd to 5th C.A.D. and their empire stretches from Arabian sea in west to Bay of Bengal in east, Narmada river in north to Krishna-Godavari delta in south.

Later on, Wardha was ruled by Chalukyas, Rashtrakutas, Yadavas, Delhi Sultanate, Bahamani Sultanate, Muslim ruler of Berar, Gonds and Maratha. Raja Buland Shaha of Gonds, Raghuji of Bhonsale were the prominent rulers in Medieval period.

Nearby 1850's Wardha, (then a part of Nagpur) fell into the hands of British. They included Wardha in the Central Provenance. Wardha is a sister city for Sevagram, and both were used as major centers for the Indian Independence Movement, especially as headquarters for an annual meet of the Indian National Congress in 1934, and Mahatma Gandhi's Ashram.

The existing Wardha district was part of Nagpur district till 1862. Further it was separated for convenient administrative purpose and Kawatha near Pulgaon was the district Head quarter. In the year 1866, the district headquarter moved at Palakwadi village which is the existing place and then Wardha city is habited there. In wardha there is one village called Pavanar where Acharya Vinoba Bhave lived.
 
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